MASSEY TECHNICAL SERVICE LLC 10-Millbrook Rd. Bridgeport WV. 26330 Phone:304-842-6948

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09/11/2001

 

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Electrical Fluting

This newsletter shows an example of finding electrical fluting on a variable speed motor using Enveloped Gs to detect the outer race defect.  This was an inspection of a 800 HP dual screw extruder line at a plastics plant.

INSPECTION FINDINGS:

Motor (Operating at 888 rpm, Temp 93 F)

Below is a spectrum overlay showing the bearing defect frequency found on December 13, 2000 on a 6222 motor bearing.

The blue spectrum was taken on December 13, 2000; the green overlaid spectrum was taken on December 20, 2000 with a new motor. Notice there are no bearing outer race defects on the green spectrum. These defects were only found with the SKF enveloped Gs spectrum, and not on the standard velocity spectrums.

The palogram below shows the spectrum in 1999 and then in 2000 with bearing defects and then with the new motor.

 

The bearing was evaluated and was found to have electrical fluting, which is defined in the paragraph below, on the outer race.

Typically electrical fluting is caused by incorrect welding on a drive system. Today most plants have procedures to insure proper welding techniques. Other conditions that can cause electrical fluting are: 1. High efficiency motors with close air gaps can cause increased eddy currents and fluting. 2. On DC drives fluting can be caused by SCR drive problems.

The picture above shows the fluting characteristic with fine arc marks across the bearing outer race and the absence of spalling. Normally fluting of a bearing will not cause immediate failure, but has a side effect where the outer race defect could excite a natural frequency. For example when the outer race is stationary a portion of the outer race is in the load zone at all times. Balls and rollers passing over the load zone generate a discrete frequency. A discrete frequency excites a natural frequency only when the natural frequency is equal to the discrete frequency, a harmonic or a sub harmonic of the discrete frequency. This excited natural frequency can cause excessive vibration and component failure.

 

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Last modified: May 19, 2015